Alpha-lactalbumin is an important whey protein in human milk that enhances efficiency of brain function.
Glycomacropeptide promotes the growth of beneficial gastrointestinal bacteria, which is important for the protection of infants from gastrointestinal diseases.
Linoleic acid (LA) is an unsaturated omega-6 fatty acid. Infants make DHA & ARA (see below) from Linoleic Acid.
Fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) are made up of plant sugars linked in chains. They are taken from asparagus, artichokes and soybeans, or are lab produced. As well as their use as a sweetener, FOS are also used as prebiotics, acting as food for “good” bacteria in the intestine. This increases the overall gastrointestinal tract health.
Galacto-oligosaccharide (GOS) are considered prebiotics, which are defined as food compounds that are indigestible by humans but are digestible by intestinal bacteria, therefore promoting healthy gut flora. GOS are believed to mimic the oligosaccharides found naturally in human breast milk and may contribute to the known health benefits of breastfeeding.
A milk phosphoprotein, casein is present in the milk from all mammals. It is found in dairy products such as cheese, milk and yogurt and is also used independently as an emulsifying and binding agent in processed foods.
Biotin (Vitamin B7 / Vitamin H)
Biotin is a B vitamin involved in the production of energy. It is essential for the formation of fatty acids and blood sugar, and is sometimes referred to as “vitamin H”. It aids in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins and may help prevent cradle cap.
Niacin (Vitamin B3)
The health benefits include maintaining good blood circulation, healthy robust skin condition, and normal functioning of the brain, boosting memory power, and aiding the digestive tract to absorb sufficient carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.
Thiamine (Vitamin B1)
Enables infants to convert carbohydrates into energy. It’s essential for infant brain development and aids the normal functioning of your nervous system, muscles, and heart.
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)
Riboflavin is an essential vitamin that helps with energy production. It promotes growth, good vision, and healthy skin, and it’s important for infant bone, muscle, and nerve development.
Used by the thyroid gland to produce hormones that control metabolism, growth and development, especially brain and nervous system development.
Magnesium helps build and repair the body’s tissues, as we as building strong bones and teeth, regulating insulin and blood sugar levels, and helping certain enzymes function.
Phosphorus is needed for most of the bio-chemical processes in the body, such as cell growth and conversion of food to the energy that fuels every action and function of the body. Recent studies show that calcium needs phosphorus to build h2 bones. Calcium alone is insufficient.
Selenium is a trace element that is naturally present in many foods or available as a supplement. It is nutritionally essential for humans and is a constituent of more than two dozen selenoproteins that play critical roles in reproduction, thyroid hormone metabolism, DNA synthesis, and protection from oxidative damage and infection.
Nucleotides are molecules which form a critical part of RNA and DNA, making them important for all living organisms. These special molecules are also involved in enzyme reactions in the body, production of chemical energy, and cell signaling. Nucleotides, along with amino acids, are sometimes referred to as the building blocks of life.
Immunoglobulin A (IgA)
An antibody largely occurring in mucosal areas which helps to fight antigens (viruses, bacteria, toxins) and is important for immune health.
Immunoglobulin G (IgG)
The most abundant type of antibody, found in all bodily fluids which helps to fight antigens (viruses, bacteria, toxins) and is important for immune health.
Lactoferrin has an array of biological activities that include growth, immune modulation, and antimicrobial effects, and is helpful in preventing respiratory infection.
Sialic acid plays a critical role in cell migration, the formation of synapses between neurons, and learning. It is critical under conditions of extremely rapid brain growth, particularly during the first months after birth.
The human body converts beta-carotene into vitamin A (retinol) – beta-carotene is a precursor of vitamin A. Vitamin A is needed for healthy skin and mucus membranes, the immune system, and good eye health and vision.
DHA – Omega 3
DHA provides important health benefits including normal cognitive performance, brain and eye development and function, and a healthy heart.
ARA – Omega 6
ARA is important for proper brain development in infants. It is also a precursor to a group of hormone-like substances called eicosanoids that play a role in immunity, blood clotting and other vital functions in the body.
Vitamin A is important for normal vision, the immune system, and reproduction. Vitamin A also helps the heart, lungs, kidneys, and other organs work properly.
Vitamin B6 is involved in brain development during pregnancy and infancy as well as immune function.
Vitamin B12 is necessary for the formation and maturation of red blood cells and the synthesis of DNA.
Vitamin C helps form and repair red blood cells, bones, and tissues. It helps keep gums healthy and strengthens blood vessels, minimizing bruising from falls and scrapes. In addition, vitamin C helps cuts and wounds heal, boosts the immune system, and keeps infections at bay. And it helps the body absorb iron from iron-rich foods.
Vitamin D is essential for efficient utilisation of calcium and phosphorous in the body which are vital for the production of strong bones and healthy nervous and immune systems.
Vitamin E limits the production of free radicals, harmful molecules that can damage cells. It’s important for immunity, DNA repair, and other metabolic processes.
Vitamin K is needed for blood clotting. Babies are born with very small amounts of vitamin K in their bodies. Without enough vitamin K, small cuts can go on bleeding for a very long time and large bruises can happen from small injuries.
Folate is a B vitamin that’s important for cell growth and metabolism.
Pantothenic acid (vitamin B 5) is needed for the breakdown of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.
Calcium is vital for building strong bones and teeth, promoting nerve and muscle function, helping blood clot, and activating the enzymes that convert food into energy.
Copper is an essential trace mineral, present in all body tissues, which plays a role in the formation of connective tissue, and in the normal functioning of muscles and the immune and nervous systems.
Iron is needed to make red blood cells, which carry oxygen around the body. It also plays an important role in fighting infections, brain development and growth.
Manganese is an essential nutrient involved in many chemical processes in the body, including processing of cholesterol, carbohydrates, and protein. It may also play a role in bone formation.
More than 70 enzymes depend on zinc to perform their roles in digestion and metabolism. It plays a role in immune function, protein synthesis, wound healing, DNA synthesis and cell division. Zinc also supports normal growth and development and is required for proper sense of taste and smell. A daily intake of zinc is required to maintain a steady state because the body has no specialized zinc storage system.